Franz Krieger

Harmonic Modernity in Jazz Blues: Footprints as Played by Herbie Hancock, Chick Corea and Danilo Perez, 1966–2003

This analysis examines five interpretations of the Wayne Shorter blues composition Footprints, recorded by the internationally renowned jazz pianists Herbie Hancock, Chick Corea and Danilo Perez in the 1960s (1966, 1969) and in the recent past (1991, 2001, 2003). The modernity of these quartet and quintet interpretations results mainly from the respective piano styles of the three musicians; the recordings will be investigated as to their harmonic content. The author´s piano transcriptions serve as the basis for the analysis and also include the bass in its orientation function during the pianists´ reharmonisations. Additionally, formal and rhythmic particularities will be examined where they substantially influence the dramaturgy of the piece as a whole. It is the aim of the investigation (a) to specify the musical means employed in the interpretations, (b) to improve the stylistic differentiation of the aforementioned pianists, and (c) to propose an answer to the general question: What kinds of musical material give the impression of modernity?